The Supreme Court requires all aspiring lawyers to master the eight most important laws in the Philippines. The first of these laws is Political Law, which governs the relationship between citizens and the state, defines the extent of the Philippine territory, describes government structures, and determines how the legislature interacts with the executive and judicial branches, and vice versa. The Constitution defines the operation of principles such as separation of powers, separation of powers and coordination. The sixth is taxation, which is the most hated and the most difficult, especially with the TRAIN law that has weighed on people. The most difficult of all and the one that has the greatest value in bar exams is medical law, which deals with the filing of complaints, the jurisdiction of the various courts, the procedures to be followed, the deadlines and jurisdictions, the documents to be attached, as well as the weight and objectives of the evidence. admissible and inadmissible evidence. that are essential, relevant and relevant. The seventh is international law, both private and public. In an era of globalization where borders are broken and people travel and work across territories, it is imperative that we focus on this right, outside of its mother law, political law. The Philippine legal system is primarily a mixture of civil law and common law regimes.
This was a direct result of the successive occupation of the country by Spain and the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, respectively. In addition, there is a mix of civil and common law, indigenous customary law and a separate and distinct Muslim legal system for the Muslim minority. (www.aseanlawassociation.org/legal-phil) This article contains a partial list of Philippine laws. Filipinos are among the three most belligerent people in the world. Many cases go to court, not because the law is actually violated, but because of the gross misunderstanding of the law by plaintiffs and defendants. Philippine laws had different nomenclature designations at different times in Philippine history, as shown in the table below: The text of many Philippine laws can be found in the following pages: ignorance of the law excuses no one, and many judges and officials have been dismissed for gross ignorance of the law. That`s why many people believe that in a government of laws like ours, actors, boxers, folk singers, retired soldiers and policemen, rebels, and radio and television stars should not be elected senators and members of Congress. They are not lawyers, how can they make laws? That is their opinion. Mine is that we may be able to pick some of them to ensure that certain sectors are represented, but at least the majority should be studied in law or have a basic knowledge of the laws – how they are made, what their nuances, their letters, their spirit and everything. It is important to note that an immigration authority may refuse you entry into the country for any reason they deem appropriate. As with most things in the Philippines, smile and be polite and you`ll have few problems.
Violations of local laws may result in a prison sentence served in a local jail. Rates are strict. The justice system can lead to long-term incarceration until a trial takes place. It is known that foreigners spend several years in pre-trial detention while their cases are being processed. Prisons are well below British standards. For more information, visit the British Embassy website. The third is civil law, which includes the Family Code, property law, types of real estate acquisition, including inheritance, all contracts such as sale, mortgage, partnership, agency, pledge and loan. The fourth is criminal law, which defines the crime and corresponding penalties for murder, murder, parricide, infanticide, theft, estafa, forgery, embezzlement, forgery and crimes against national security such as treason, sedition, insurrection, etc. Imposed.
The fifth is commercial law, which includes private corporations, negotiable instruments, carriers or joint carriers, contracts of carriage, whether air, land or sea. In most situations, foreigners cannot own land or most businesses. There are exceptions (ownership of condominiums under R.A 4726 – Condominium Act), but the general rule is that a foreigner simply cannot own land. You may have heard of expats saying they own land in the Philippines, but the most likely scenario is that they put it under their wife`s name and have little say in what happens to the property after paying for it. There are ways to protect your “investment,” but you`ll need to hire a lawyer to explain the process and create the documents. The following table lists the Philippine laws that have been mentioned in Wikipedia or are of interest. Only laws passed by Congress and its previous organs are listed here; Presidential and other executive orders that might otherwise have the force of law are excluded for the purposes of this table. The second most important law is the Labor Code, which regulates the relationship between labor and capital and directly affects about 70 million of the 110 million Filipinos. This guy made this mistake and almost lost his freedom and his life for it. The last and most difficult is the right of appeal, which includes procedures and remedies for cases and appeals, evidence and appeals, courts and forums, pleadings and time limits. It is the subject that carries the most weight in bar exams. For non-lawyers, it is important that they have a good knowledge of the basics so that they can teach their lawyers fairly and confidently.
There is no weapon more useful than knowledge, and ignorance can be catastrophic and even deadly. These are just a few examples of how laws may differ from your home country. While researching these laws, I found many other little quirks that would be foreign to most expats, but I omitted them because of their ambiguity and brevity. As an expat, if you publicly complain about them, you won`t be taken anywhere except in trouble. The only thing you can do is be aware of it and adapt to it. Remember that you are considered a guest in their country and it is up to you to abide by their rules. Any foreigner wishing to recruit Filipinos for overseas employment must exercise due diligence, comply with local laws, and be licensed. Laws on illegal recruitment are strict. Killings and other human rights violations continued as part of the government`s “war on drugs.” President Rodrigo Duterte has repeatedly called for violence against people suspected of using or selling drugs and has promised to protect those who kill them.  Reports of murders piled up in cities appointing police chiefs who had previously overseen abusive operations. According to government data, police killed at least 155 people from April to July, compared to 103 people from December 2019 to March.
Killings by unknown assailants, many with alleged links to the police, continued.