Who Makes the Decisions in the Crown Court

Victims of a crime can make a statement to the court describing the impact of a crime on them, for example: If you are a victim or witness in the case and you left the court before the end of the proceedings and you want to know the outcome of the proceedings, you can contact the person who asked you to appear in court. They will be able to give you the information about the verdict. Your contact information must be included in any correspondence they send you. The Crown Court was established on 1 January 1972 by the Courts Act 1971[14] on the recommendation of the Commission. [12] The Crown Court is a permanent unified court in England and Wales, while the assizes were periodic local courts tried by judges of the Queen`s Bench division of the High Court who traversed the seven counties into which England and Wales were divided, assembled jurors in the reprimanded cities, and heard cases. The quarterly sessions consisted of local courts that met four times a year to hear criminal cases that were not serious enough to be brought before a Supreme Court judge. In both criminal and civil cases, courts rule on an adversarial rather than an inquisitorial basis. This means that both parties consider the credibility and reliability of the evidence their opponent presents in court. The judge or jury makes decisions based on the evidence presented. Another employee of the court is the bailiff. If documents or other items need to be distributed in court, such as jury members` notes or evidence presented to jurors, this will usually be done by the bailiff and will be the only person in court to travel during the court session. These are the most serious cases such as murder, rape and robbery.

These cases begin with an appearance in a district court, when judges decide whether to grant bail to the accused. Originally, the court was divided into six circles as follows: Behind the bailiff, who wears black robes and white wigs and faces the judge, will stand the prosecutors and defense lawyers. The defense attorney will usually be closer to the jury. Lawyers may very well have laptops in addition to files containing documents related to the case that will rest on the desk in front of them. Unlike the judge who speaks sitting, lawyers always stand up to address the court. Find out about the court system in Northern Ireland, including the differences between civil and criminal law, which court does what and the different authorities involved. If you are a victim of crime or a witness in a case, you can contact the Citizens Advice Witness Service (external link) for information and to look around the court. To protect the public from serious harm, the court also considers the nature of the offence and the risk of the offender committing further crimes, and may make the hospital order a restraining order. Thus, the offender cannot be released out of hospital and cannot be released from the hospital without the authorization of the Department of Justice, except by the Department of Justice or a mental health review tribunal. If an offender suffers from a defined form of mental disorder, the court may order the offender to be admitted and detained in hospital for treatment.

Your lawyer (if you have one) can explain what is going on in court – the judge and court staff will also give instructions about the trial. The Crown Court deals with the most serious crimes. It is located in over 70 judicial centres in England and Wales, including the Central Criminal Court, better known as the Old Bailey. The Crown Court has four main types of activities: appeals against judicial decisions; Conviction of the accused by the Magistrates` Courts, trial by jury and sentencing of persons convicted by the Crown Court, either after trial or on guilty plea. The average time from entry to Crown Court to completion was 177 days in early 2016. [5] The Crown Court of England and Wales, together with the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal, is one of the components of the Senior Courts of England and Wales. It is the highest court of first instance in criminal matters; For certain purposes, however, the Crown Court is hierarchically subordinate to the High Court and its Divisional Courts. The judge oversees the process and ensures that all parties involved have an opportunity to present their case fairly. At the end of the trial, the judge will explain the law and summarize the facts for the jury. If the jury decides that the defendant is guilty, the judge will consider an appropriate sentence.

The judge wears a wig and a dress. You can search the lists of courts online to see which civil and criminal cases will be heard by the courts of Northern Ireland in the coming days. The Crown Court deals primarily with appeals against convictions and/or convictions relating to offences dealt with by the Magistrates` Court, including orders such as driving bans or orders for anti-social behaviour. The Crown Court may dismiss or admit the appeal and vary the judgment in whole or in part. Appeals are usually heard by a district judge sitting with no more than 4 judges (usually 2). For adults, all criminal cases begin in the Magistrates` Courts, but some offences can only be heard by the Crown Court, others only by the Magistrates` Courts and others by both courts. The seriousness of the offence determines whether the case remains before a magistrate`s court from beginning to end or whether it is referred to the Crown Court. The Crown Court is considered a unit because each place is a “session” of the individual court and not an independent tribunal per se. [1] The Crown Court has approximately 92 locations in England and Wales. The Crown Court is administered by HM Courts and Tribunals Service.

[2] Previously operated in six counties (Midland, Northern, North Eastern, South Eastern, Wales & Chester and Western), HM Courts and Tribunals Service is now divided into seven regions: Midlands, North East, North West, South East, South West, London and Wales. The region of Wales has been identified separately, taking into account the legislative powers delegated by the Welsh Government. [3] When the Crown Court sits in the City of London, it is called the Central Criminal Court. [4] The Old Bailey Central Criminal Court, originally established by a separate Act of Parliament, is a centre of the Crown Court and the venue where many of the most serious criminal cases are heard.